But you know, I met this autor, a clever girl who can talk wonderful.. I mean, she is a successful person when she talks plenty fluently on other matters Yes, I asked her about this flat language She replied; "When I wrote in correct english, pissed off by the bourgeoisie dominated media" So, after this explain I checked it and witnessed that she has right Maybe we are living in a period there bourgeoisie living a social sickness like mass masochistical delusion system We piss off the normally attitudes Please, watch this clip, super irritable bad english..
She makes me laugh, too! Story teller aims it Otherwise, you are a living evidence that she succeed to make laugh you like any other pieces of this oligarchical system!.. He lived off state disability checks, carried his manuscripts in brown paper bags, and drank cup after cup of black coffee, which I poured for him from behind the counter of the coffee shop where I worked.
He had one piece of advice for me: If you want to be a writer you must first read Othello. Ray understood plot because he had lived and experienced it. He was a born writer. Over the years I've met a diverse collection of writers who have never been published or earned any academic credentials, yet whose claim to the title of artist is genuine. These invisible writers are soldiers and bakers, convicts and salesmen, winos, hairdressers, firefighters, farmers and waitresses.
Their only qualifications to literary authenticity are their writings and their desire to write. Often the only time they have is stolen time, and their private scrawls end up on cocktail napkins, penciled in the margins of receipts, on any piece of paper handy.
I got to know Tom Carson during the first Gulf War, shortly after his platoon had been sent to Kuwait. We never met in person. He had written to a co-worker of mine who had moved on, leaving no forwarding address. When I saw the U. We began a correspondence that lasted through the war and after he returned to Fort Benning, Georgia.
During a hectic two months, Lt. Carson wrote 39 poems. His themes were the regimented insanity of military life, isolation and loneliness, the wind and rain of his soul. Carson wrote his lines in rare solitude, in a barracks or a tent. During the day, he told me, the thoughts gathered in his head; he censored them but the forbidden words found expression anyway, for even the U.
Army cannot discipline the imagination. People imprisoned in stultifying, menial jobs can summon, with even a minimal command of language, something entirely private, unfettered and incalculably powerful. Most importantly, it is something of their own creation that cannot be taken away. The sense of purpose and identity that comes with being a writer, creator of a private world, can be life altering. I've known truck drivers who are natural-born storytellers; fishermen who paint starkly beautiful word pictures of life on a crab boat in the Bering Strait.
I met a barely literate ex-convict whose short story about losing his wife and child in a revenge killing for a gang crime he'd committed was the most heartbreaking thing I've ever read. I met a ex-alcoholic who wrote about being abandoned by her husband.
In a few simple paragraphs this uneducated woman in her mids expressed a universal sense of loss in an entirely unsentimental fashion; something that cannot be taught in any MFA program. My own father, a novelist who was never published, once wrote about being fired for writing on the job — a chronic problem in his lifetime. He worked on an assembly line in a factory that manufactured radios, and the foreman caught him writing one day while the neglected radio parts moved past him on the belt.
It was my salvation. The world can deny me all other employment, and stone me as an ex-convict But as long as I write whether it's published or not, I'm a writer. Writing, for Celia, was a way of being elsewhere, of undoing, undreaming, her mundane daily life. The monotony of her job and the deadening rituals she performed daily were the inspirations for the poems she scribbled on used order tickets. To hate your job and do nothing about it is a failure of imagination: A Frenchman I know who was a maitre d' at one of the Washington's finest restaurants, possesses a novel he composed in the twilight time between the lunch rush and the dinner hour.
His joy on writing it was immeasurable. That it may never be published did not faze him. The point is that he created it. I've often looked for my old playwright friend Ray's name in print, but have never seen it. I imagine him sitting in a coffee shop somewhere, brow furrowed as he revises lines of his latest play, completely absorbed in the world of his characters. I'm sure it frustrated Ray at times, that his work went unrecognized, but it never occurred to him to quit; just like it would never occur to him to stop breathing.
It is not strictly a tragedy that Ray's plays, the maitre'd's novel or Celia's poems remain unpublished. Much of the work comes into being for private reasons of the heart. If every sentence that was written was printed and bound we would drown in a sea of words — as it is, thousands of books are hastily published, barely read and forgotten. Writing itself is the aim, for it is writing, not publishing, that transforms individual human experience.
To write, even in obscurity is worthwhile. As Samuel Becket put it, writing is a way of leaving "a stain upon the silence. Wonderful described and we are listening a kind of the "stain upon the silence", just here These main figures threat free speech Propaganda chief at the Zionist prop centre eXpo Drivande bakom eXpo under många år. Blev under talet provokator medlem i socialistiska partiet som manipuleade de lättsinniga bastarder omkriung den siondominerade svenska falska vänstern.
Ledande inom Afa, falska Antifa som bildades direkt af judiska fascister. Nära samröre med eXpo-redaktörerna Hübinette och Flyckt Ledande inom sionistiska Afa ligan.
Nära bekant med eXpo-journalisten Anders Carlqvist. Dömd för brott flera gånger, bland annat olaga intrång. Anders Carlqvist alias Peter Karlsson: Går under namnet Peter Karlsson. Har varit ledare för Afa och är dömd för ofredande sedan han sparkat ner en meningsmotståndare. Även dömd för våld mot tjänsteman. Aktiv i både AFA och eXpo.
Ingår i eXpos styrelse sedan Medlem i judedominerade syndikalistiska fascisthärvan. Nära kopplaren till Mikael Ekman. South Korean importerad apa och Afa-ledare och eXpos förste redaktör. Dömd för sabotage, uppvigling, grov uppvigling, förtal, ofredande och skadegörelse.
Murderer assassinated two Iraqian revolutinaries.. Utgivare av den manipulativa tidskriften Svartvitt som finansieras av svenska skattebetalare och där även eXpo ingår. Ingår i eXpos styrelse. Because the Zionist Imperilaism is threat against the all humanist values Human Rights in the occupied Middle East: Some figures prized sometimes Han tänkte att han bara har en enda väg till de fattiga kvarlämnade medlemmarna i familjen, att acceptera scenariet så att krediteras..
Om man bara känner den judaiserade svenska satellite regimen kan fatta vad som avtalades under så så längre tid, exakt fyra månader bakom ståldörrar, annars funnits inte en minsta koppling till assassionation, inte heller til de vittnenas förklaringssätt Eftersom jag kommer från Tel Aviv förstår noga vad som gäller i sådana fall..
Masses been used for experimental aims There are many different methodes like Microchip Implants, Mind Control and Cybernetics - Are there any well knowing examples? Which country avanced on such dirty methodes? Are you from Scandinavia, so we can talk on Sweden for instance Yoneji Masuda, "Father of the Information Society," stated his concern in that our liberty is threatened Orwellian-style by cybernetic technology totally unknown to most people.
This technology links the brains of people via implanted microchips to satellites controlled by ground-based supercomputers. Brain electrodes were inserted into the skulls of babies in without the knowledge of their parents. In the s and 60s, electrical implants were inserted into the brains of animals and humans, especially in the U. Mind control MC methods were used in attempts to change human behavior and attitudes.
Influencing brain functions became an important goal of military and intelligence services. Thirty years ago brain implants showed up in X-rays the size of one centimeter. Subsequent implants shrunk to the size of a grain of rice.
They were made of silicon, later still of gallium arsenide. Today they are small enough to be inserted into the neck or back, and also intravenously in different parts of the body during surgical operations, with or without the consent of the subject. It is now almost impossible to detect or remove them. It is technically possible for every newborn to be injected with a microchip, which could then function to identify the person for the rest of his or her life. Such plans are secretly being discussed in the U.
In Sweden, social democratical capitalist hypocrites, also Prime Minister Olof Palme gave permission in to implant prisoners and Data Inspection's ex-Director General Jan Freese revealed that nursing-home patients were implanted in the mids. The technology is revealed in the Implanted human beings can be followed anywhere.
Their brain functions can be remotely monitored by supercomputers and even altered through the changing of frequencies. Guinea pigs in secret experiments have included prisoners, soldiers, mental patients, handicapped children, deaf and blind people, homosexuals, single women, the elderly, school children, and any group of people considered "marginal" by the elite experimenters.
The published experiences of prisoners in Utah State Prison, for example, are shocking to the conscience. Today's microchips operate by means of low-frequency radio waves that target them. With the help of satellites, the implanted person can be tracked anywhere on the globe. Such a technique was among a number tested in the Iraq war, according to Dr. Carl Sanders, who invented the intelligence-manned interface IMI biotic, which is injected into people.
Earlier during the Vietnam War, soldiers were injected with the Rambo chip, designed to increase adrenaline flow into the bloodstream. When a 5-micromillimeter microchip the diameter of a strand of hair is 50 micromillimeters is placed into optical nerve of the eye, it draws neuroimpulses from the brain that embody the experiences, smells, sights, and voice of the implanted person. Once transferred and stored in a computer, these neuroimpulses can be projected back to the person's brain via the microchip to be reexperienced.
Using a RMS, a land-based computer operator can send electromagnetic messages encoded as signals to the nervous system, affecting the target's performance. With RMS, healthy persons can be induced to see hallucinations and to hear voices in their heads.
Every thought, reaction, hearing, and visual observation causes a certain neurological potential, spikes, and patterns in the brain and its electromagnetic fields, which can now be decoded into thoughts, pictures, and voices. Electromagnetic stimulation can therefore change a person's brainwaves and affect muscular activity, causing painful muscular cramps experienced as torture.
The NSA's electronic surveillance system can simultaneously follow and handle millions of people. Each of us has a unique bioelectrical resonance frequency in the brain, just as we have unique fingerprints. With electromagnetic frequency EMF brain stimulation fully coded, pulsating electromagnetic signals can be sent to the brain, causing the desired voice and visual effects to be experienced by the target. This is a form of electronic warfare.
Thus, if he were ever kidnapped, a radio wave with a specific frequency could be targeted to his microchip. The chip's signal would be routed through a satellite to the computer screen of police headquarters, where the Prince's movements could be followed.
He could actually be located anywhere on the globe. The mass media has not reported that an implanted person's privacy vanishes for the rest of his or her life.
Using different frequencies, the secret controller of this equipment can even change a person's emotional life. Sexuality can be artificially influenced. Thought signals and subconscious thinking can be read, dreams affected and even induced, all without the knowledge or consent of the implanted person. A perfect cyber-soldier can thus be created. This secret technology has been used by military forces in certain NATO countries since the s without civilian and academic populations having heard anything about it.
Thus, little information about such invasive mind-control systems is available in professional and academic journals. The NSA's Signals Intelligence group can remotely monitor information from human brains by decoding the evoked potentials 3. Prisoner experimentees in both Gothenburg, Sweden and Vienna, Austria have been found to have evident brain lesions.
Diminished blood circulation and lack of oxygen in the right temporal frontal lobes result where brain implants are usually operative. A Finnish experimentee experienced brain atrophy and intermittent attacks of unconsciousness due to lack of oxygen. Mind control techniques can be used for political purposes. The goal of mind controllers today is to induce the targeted persons or groups to act against his or her own convictions and best interests.
Zombified individuals can even be programmed to murder and remember nothing of their crime afterward. Alarming examples of this phenomenon can be found in the U. This "silent war" is being conducted against unknowing civilians and soldiers by military and intelligence agencies.
Since , electronic stimulation of the brain ESB has been secretly used to control people targeted without their knowledge or consent. All international human rights agreements forbid nonconsensual manipulation of human beings — even in prisons, not to speak of civilian populations. Under an initiative of U. Senator John Glenn, discussions commenced in January about the dangers of radiating civilian populations. Targeting people's brain functions with electromagnetic fields and beams from helicopters and airplanes, satellites, from parked vans, neighboring houses, telephone poles, electrical appliances, mobile phones, TV, radio, etc.
In addition to electronic MC, chemical methods have also been developed. Mind-altering drugs and different smelling gasses affecting brain function negatively can be injected into air ducts or water pipes. Bacteria and viruses have also been tested this way in several countries. Today's supertechnology, connecting our brain functions via microchips or even without them, according to the latest technology to computers via satellites in the U.
The latest supercomputers are powerful enough to monitor the whole world's population. What will happen when people are tempted by false premises to allow microchips into their bodies? One lure will be a microchip identity card. Compulsory legislation has even been secretly proposed in the U. Are we ready for the robotization of mankind and the total elimination of privacy, including freedom of thought?
How many of us would want to cede our entire life, including our most secret thoughts, to Big Brother? Yet the technology exists to create a totalitarian New World Order. Covert neurological communication systems are in place to counteract independent thinking and to control social and political activity on behalf of self-serving private and military interests.
When our brain functions are already connected to supercomputers by means of radio implants and microchips, it will be too late for protest. This threat can be defeated only by educating the public, using available literature on biotelemetry and information exchanged at international congresses.
One reason this technology has remained a state secret is the widespread prestige of the psychiatric Diagnostic Statistical Manual IV produced by the U. Psychiatrists working for U. This psychiatric "bible" covers up the secret development of MC technologies by labeling some of their effects as symptoms of paranoid schizophrenia.
Victims of mind control experimentation are thus routinely diagnosed, knee-jerk fashion, as mentally ill by doctors who learned the DSM "symptom" list in medical school. Physicians have not been schooled that patients may be telling the truth when they report being targeted against their will or being used as guinea pigs for electronic, chemical and bacteriological forms of psychological warfare.
Time is running out for changing the direction of military medicine, and ensuring the future of human freedom. It is mailed to all medical students of Finland and all Northern Finland medical doctors. This is a kind of "state terror" because of the official poermission oof the authorities when the Jewish capitalist lobbies demand This is like a tradition, many Jews hate human being and Zionist Imperialism drive such "legalized Fascist" projects on the masses and they already advancing to collaborate with all kind of authorities who are willing to be corrupted De corruptsugnasjukhusanställda lämnade laboratorie så enkelt irriterande sättet både i Karolinska och Huddinge En lagstiftade liga, poliskåren alltså; som sådan myndighet borde inte stjäla hela kartlägningen och inte skulle vara som enorma dataintrång, menar du; jag förstår Varför då sådana poliser nästan rannsakat hela sjukhusfilialen i Scandinavia?
He should use his brain and accept that he is most fit candidate to kill anybody and best costed one is Anna You now, if you see all these incredible cases, thick-headed attitudes Read two different cover of assassinations for example one victim called Daniel WRETSTRÖM and second one Tony DEOGAN; so you'll be shocked if you discover many incredible freakness, parallel points; for instance how the prosecutors and judges corrupted by financial lobbies and how all the gang members released, how the evidences disappointed, witnesses forced to go in silence or they disapponted, too Look at all these masters of swindler who have two-legs only difference between the other kind of piggs Hundreds of people commit suicide only in last year But I can sing!..
Is it really barbar against the detaineed too what we witnessed in Goetheburg? The aim of the trials — to substantiate the police story and make a harsh example of the defendants — was achieved by flagrant manipulation.
Police officers who had never met the accused gave testimony; newsreel videos were manipulated one had a new soundtrack dubbed on and contained 25 edits in a three-minute sequence ; paving stones were passed around as evidence in each trial even if the charges were not related to stone-throwing.
If the police or the court regarded the accused as a political activist, as opposed to 'non-political', it resulted in a longer sentence.
He was not accused of stone-throwing or vandalism and he denied waving. Rioting between police and protesters was already going on when this man was arrested. The police told the court that the year-old had been under surveillance for weeks prior to the demo, 'proving' he was involved in 'subversive activities'. His lawyer was told that the police had no film of the events, which could have helped in his defence. Yet, in later trials, the police produced film clips from these same events.
In the first trial against this 'centre', eight young people were each given three to four years in prison for "inciting violent riots". The Court of Appeal later halved their sentences, amending the charge to "assisting violent riots". The evidence produced was extremely weak. From an apartment these youth had sent ten mobile phone text messages to a maximum 62 recipients. Three of the messages were "important" according to the court.
But all were sent hours before the clashes between police and activists outside Hvitfeldtska. The only person found by the police to have received the messages was the 20 year-old 'waving' activist. The Court of Appeal claimed that those sentenced had "similar ideological opinions and felt a strong distrust towards the police", referring to books or leaflets found in their houses. Anyone could register to get text messages from the information centre, and its equipment consisted of one computer — despite police talk of an "advanced and secret command centre".
The purpose of the centre seems rather to have been to warn demonstrators to avoid conflict with the police. It was definitely not illegal. Teenagers were given two to three years in prison, longer than for neo-Nazis convicted of violent crimes one to six months , rapists or other real criminals. In Seattle the longest jail term was nine days, compared to an average of one year and three months in Goetheburg's first 30 convictions.
Among those now in prison is Hannes Westberg, the activist almost killed by police when they tried to break up a peaceful Reclaim the Streets party in a park.
The policeman who fired the gunshots has been cleared. The first demonstration against the courts was organised on the initiative of Rättvisepartiet Socialisterna, with others, in September. New books, TV programmes and a new network have focused on the injustice of the legal proceedings. This has even been reflected by the High Court rulings late this spring.
The High Court tried to achieve some 'reconciliation', acting in a more neutral manner than the lower court. It lowered the sentence of one activist from 20 months to four months, deciding that he could not be responsible for later violent riots. Masked paramilitary police with automatic weapons attacked the school. They forced people out of their sleeping bags and made them lie face down in the schoolyard for more than an hour in pouring rain.
The police were violent, shouted abuse and threats, events chillingly repeated in the bloody storming of a school by Italian police in Genoa one month later.
The trial of the police officers in Gothenburg is intended to improve the reputation of the courts, but after a delay of almost a year it will not nearly be enough. The government's response to Goetheburg has been to strengthen the repressive apparatus of the state. In contrast to Genoa, no senior police officers were replaced. Of course, the minister is the guiltiest person. The stone-throwing was the spontaneous reaction of some anarchists and a section of youth against the police violence.
The truth is that the police considered banning the biggest of the peaceful demos, with 20, participants on the Saturday morning 16 June. Under discussion are proposals to ban the wearing of masks on demonstrations, the use of emergency police forces, water cannon and teargas. Tighter border controls is another proposal, linked to the propaganda about 'foreign professional criminals' in the riots. Yet only four of the 71 prosecuted in Gothenburg are non-Scandinavians. Their proposal was to give Europol the EU police extended responsibilities to include surveillance of people planning to disturb EU summits.
In mid-July the ministers decided that suspects could be banned from entering a summit country. New repressive EU laws had been planned for some time, but the terrorist attacks in the US have been used to hasten this process. No country can refuse a request for extradition even if this concerns something which is not a crime in that country.
Among the categories covered by the new law are "participation in a criminal organisation, terrorism and IT crimes". This opens the way for the toughest national laws to become the norm within the EU. Extradition could apply for people hiding refugees a crime in France , or members of the Kurdish PKK illegal in Germany. And what about summit demonstrators or environmental activists? Are they covered by the definition of terrorists?
These questions were in focus at a demonstration initiated by Rättvisepartiet Socialisterna, outside the Riksdag Swedish parliament in Stockholm in May. The state repression in and after Gothenburg is part of this EU-wide process. No government wishes to be accused of being soft on activists or refugees, let alone 'terrorists'.
The EU is developing Europol and the coordination of state prosecutors through Eurojust, with a similar system for the courts.
The events in Goetheburg showed the strength of the repressive apparatus, but also its limitations. The police violence and hysterical media campaign had the upper hand in the first months. Several of the organisations behind the demos played into the hands of the police.
Most of them by bending under the pressure, while others, such as some of the anarchists, by praising stone-throwing as a viable method of struggle. Others, like Attac, virtually disappeared after Goetheburg. With demonstrations, protest meetings, and petitions etc, RS has successfully defended members on trial or refugees threatened with deportation.
This time it was clear that the young activists, held in isolation, were reluctant to conduct public defence campaigns. Most of their anarchistic organisations also refused to campaign, based on their penchant for secrecy. The first demonstration against the trials, again on the initiative of RS, was held in Goetheburg in September and helped increase consciousness about the trials.
So did those defendants who went public — Hannes Westberg and Gigi Longo. The short answer after Goetheburg and Genoa is no. This spring we have seen the biggest protests so far, in Italy and Spain. In SvekJa, the demonstrations against the war in Afghanistan were bigger than any left-wing demo for years before Goetheburg. The police and the politicians have not been able to strengthen their position despite their enormous resources.
The role of the state is clearly understood by a small but growing layer of activists, workers and young people. And in the broader layers of workers there is widespread scepticism. Generally, the state seems to stand above the struggling classes, giving the appearance of a neutral arbiter.
In calm periods the state acts via laws, statutes, traditions, the education system, negotiation, etc. But when the power of the ruling class is threatened, the state will attempt to use its armed backbone: The destruction of the welfare state in the s, however, has made its role clearer.
Gothenburg is the clearest example so far that the Swedish state is no exception. With 2, policemen present, it was a training camp for future battles. But resorting to this level of violence is, at the same time, a problem for the rulers. They prefer to rule through peaceful, democratic means, holding the most repressive weapons in reserve. The experience of Goetheburg will hardly calm their nerves. If the police had such big difficulties facing mainly young demonstrators, what will happen when the movement reaches French, Italian or Argentinian strength?
The system demands that neither politicians nor anyone in the legal system should question the action of the police in Goetheburg. On the other hand, the Supreme Court has taken on the role of restoring the authority of the courts by reducing some of the sentences. The trial of police officers for brutality at the Schillerska school has sparked an internal conflict between the Gothenburg police and the National Task Force over who was responsible. The state ombudsman has initiated an investigation into the Hvitfeldtska affair, criticising the police.
All this is a result of continuous public campaigning, demonstrations and the emergence of new facts, leading to growing pressure from below. Workers and anti-capitalists in struggle must educate and develop stewards, witnesses, legal expertise and our own media. On a limited scale, the campaigns after Goetheburg have begun to play that role. More unions and rank-and-file organisations must participate in protests and struggle.
There are many examples where violence from the state apparatus has been futile in preventing a real mass movement, like when the Argentinian masses overthrew the De La Rua government in December. Armed soldiers and police could do nothing. The working class needs new mass socialist parties in SvekJa Kingdom and internationally — parties which explain the reasons for capitalism's neo-liberal policies and show how to struggle for a socialist society.
It's a different attitude than all other terror cases This looks like a "Gladio theatre" and actually the word "Gladio" built on bloody gladiator arenas of Rome imperial The aftermath of the riots in Goetheburg where three demonstrators were shot by the police, have turned in to a corrupt legal practice which may result in a transformation of the legal system in an unsatisfactory direction, where legal rights of the individual have no place.
Here is a résumé of the situation: The investigators could not find any suspicion of crime! No preliminary inquiries have been launched regarding the 12 pistol shots by the police into a fleeing crowd that injured two more people not severely.
Proof of crime is not enough for suspicion of crime, as for as the investigators are concerned! Average sentences for riots before June has been community service or probation to 2 months imprisonment. The average punishment for the riots in Gothenburg has been 1 year and 9 months.
In many cases it has been judged more serious than rapes or ill-treatment or even assistance of murder, where the convicted have been soccer-hooligans or nazis. All have been charged without their individual actions being documented or taken into account.
This lack of individual accountability exemplifies the non-existence of justice. The incarceration of many of the accused young people has been extremely long months. Those incarcerated have been held in isolation cells; 8 youths have been held in isolation-cells for days, forced to take heavy narcotics to withstand "mental torture" according to Amnesty International. According to the myth created by our media this summer, the riots in Gothenburg were carefully prepared, planned, organized and commanded by a "command central", which directed the "vandals" in the streets.
There is, however, a small problem with this conspiracy theory: This minor problem in the logics does not hinder that the reason for the ten-fold increase in length of the sentences, the reason mentioned frequently in many of the cases, is the careful preparations, planning and organizing and that they were directed by a "command central". So, what did this so-called "command central" exist of?
Eight teenagers in an apartment, equipped with ONE computer and a few cell-phones, and a little apparatus to monitor the police radio. It is fully legal to monitor the police radio, and they did not hide from anyone what they were doing.
The apartment was full of people all day long, and there was a telephone list where you could register for cell-phone text messages SMS to know what was going on in the streets and where. The 8 youths and probably several others then sent them information about what was going on in the streets, by what they had heard on the police radio and also read on the newspapers website-coverage.
Yet the court did not pay any attention to the other people in the apartment or even who did what — they were judged collectively. The district court first ruled: The only substantial evidence consists of 5 SMS cell-phone text messages sent to around 60 people. The most specific and concrete of the messages reads as follows: The police are too few.
Everybody go there to help their comrades! Since telling people to help their illegally locked-up friends is — obviously — a very criminal act, some 60 brave citizens who, having committed the very same criminal act, turned themselves in at the police station in an act of solidarity. After appeals from the convicted, the court of appeal took on the case, and on February 8 the penalties were lowered to between 1 year and 4 months to 2 years and 4 months in prison, and the classification of the crime was changed!
The word "scandal" is not strong enough: In other words, the court has put aside the very principle upon which the whole legal system rests: In absence of evidence, the court instead refers to the political views of the accused and their alleged intentions, based on findings among texts in the computer and "political material " in the bookshell!
As the Swedish writer Jan Guillou recently noted; not even under the dictatorship of the Swedish king Gustav III was it possible to put aside that principle. Although that was mentioned in the context of three Swedish citizens having all their partitions confiscated and their sources of income cancelled because of their "complicity in terrorist funding", on order from the United State's UN-legitimised "terror-list", but that is a whole other story… Must I mention the US refused to present any evidence of their crime?
Political phoney-trials in Sweden - is it hard to believe? You'd better believe it! But there's more to know. Media have played a big part in the ongoing scandal and bulldozing of legal rights and principals.
By consequently excluding the controversial facts from their reporting and actually lying, the journalists have deceived the public and allowed these happenings, for which there are no equivalent in Sweden's history, to pass by almost unnoticed. The journalist either lie or ignore, and the intellectuals seem to be living on another planet.
I think even Noam Chomsky would be surprised by the moral breakdown on part of the "intellectuals" in Sweden.
The myth about the "command central" is significant for motivating the outrageous sentences. It was created this summer by the media, after dubious information from the police, and with great effect rooted it in the public consciousness.
The myth is used to justify the long sentences, and for that reason, the courts will hang on to it till the end, until it gets really ab surd Isn't the court of appeal's sentence evidence enough of this? Because otherwise, there is n othing motivating them — and then the whole building will crumble down like a house of cards! Our hope is that the Supreme Court will take on the case and re-examine the non evidence.
If the 8 teenagers are acquitted, this will lead to more cases being re-examined by the Supreme Court. But this requires that the journalists start digging. So far they have only shown their apathy towards justice, their antipathy against demonstrators, and their dislike to kill a myth of their own making, no matter how absurd and false it is. Let me finish by quoting Erik Wijk, the only journalist in Sweden who has examined the sentences: Equality before the law, forget it.
A police working for the benefit of the public, really? A body of journalists and intellectuals as a counter-power, what a joke… The photos from the [vandalism on the] Avenue have stuck on the retinas of the Swedish people — they think our vital struggle for justice and legal rights is some kind of defence of terrorists.
The Swedish people are blindfolded and either rejoice or slumber as democracy and legal rights sink like a battered ship before their eyes. International pressure will help! Have you heard on the news today about the Swedish police force and the attourney? They manipulated the videos and sounds from when Hannes Wetsberg was shot in Vasastan during the EU summit in June, that is and used it as "documentary" video. Yesterday they got "busted" during prime time when two journalists uncovered the scandal with their own fotage.
Anton, thank you for telling us! I found this today: A chorus of voices that say "Ein, zwei, drei, Nazipolizei" can be heard when Hannes Westberg is throwing stones at the police.
The kick itself has been cut out and been replaced with something else. They can use it in their future newsblasts? Bart - I understand.. Thus Jew World Order is disorder of communities But what about the juridical institutions? Jag begriper lite svårt Vilka är huvudinsekter av sekten ICJ? Juden Groll avancerade ytterligare till att bli ledamot i Internationella Juristkommissionen och var dess vice president Claes Borgström, judisk advokat och känd i rollen som Sveriges JÄMO - jämställdhetsombudsman, har länge varit aktiv i Internationella Juristkommissionen.
Jesús Alcalá, den spanske Marrano-juden som trots sionistmaffians våldsamma trixanden till slut ändå blev fälld och dömd till fängelse som den brottsling han var, har haft flera åtaganden för Internationella Juristkommissionen vilket var det som föranledde åtalet mot Alcála och då han försökt utnyttja sin post där för att försnilla biståndspengar. Helsingforskommittén för mänskliga rättigheter är en av alla dessa organisationer som missbrukar ordet "humanism" och "antirasism", en organisation som sin vackra fasad till trots är skapad och etablerad av judiska och sionistiska intressen - där stöd till den rasistiska ockupationsmakten "Israel" är en av de gemensamma nämnarna för dess medlemmar.
När det gäller denna kommitté så skall man veta att dess medlemmar och allmänna struktur är i det närmast en kopia av den sionistiska organisationen Svenska Kommittén mot Antisemitism, de har t. Man kan se denna Helsingforskommitté som en systerorganisation till antisemit-kommittén, där den förra genom sin missvisande titel om "Helsingfors" har som syfte att försöka dölja den egentliga - sionistiska - agendan.
När man talar om "mänskliga rättigheter" så handlar de oftast om ryska judars "rätt" att åka ned till Palestina och där bli ockupanter och kolonisatörer på den palestinska ursprungsbefolkningens bekostnad. Vilka är då människorna i denna kommitté? Gerald Nagler är en österrikisk jude och den nuvarande ordföranden för organisationen Svenska Helsingforskommittén för mänskliga rättigheter. Han är också ledamot i den internationella Helsingforskommittén för mänskliga rättigheter och har t.
PEN-ordförande, tillhör Judisk Krönikas redaktion. I en intervju publicerad i Judisk Krönika nr. Tidningen skriver att "han får medaljen för mångårig och betydelsefull insats i det internationella samarbetet i humanismens tecken till fromma för flyktingar och andra utsatta grupper". Hur långt Naglers "humanism" sträcker sig är inte svårt att gissa. Bland de övriga som ihop med Gerald var med att starta organisationen ses sionistiska profiler som: Inga Fischer-Hjalmars, judinna och professor som samarbetar med flera sionistiska organisationer däribland Svenska Kommittén mot Antisemitism.
Bland övriga medlemmar och aktörer i Svenska Helsingforskommittén för mänskliga rättigheter ses: Lennart Groll, jude från den judiska klanen Seidel och som är styrelsemedlem i Helsingforskommittén för mänskliga rättigheter. Groll kombinerade sitt medlemskap i denna organisation med att samtidigt vara ordförande för rätten under Svenska Kommittén mot Antisemitisms rättsprocess mot Radio Islam, den s.
Groll var i sitt första äktenskap gift med en judinna som stammar från den judiska klanen Heyman. Ragnar Gottfarb , känd judisk advokat som var den internationella judiska organisationen "JOINTS" representant i Sverige under 40 år, under en period fullmäktig i Judiska församlingen i Stockholm, och där Gottfarb också samarbetade med organisationen Helsingforskommittén för mänskliga rättigheter.
Bland aktörer i styrelsen för organisationen för år , sågs förutom Gerald Nagler som ordförande och ovannämnde Thomas von Vegesack som styrelseledamot, även: Karl Birnbaum, styrelseledamot, tyskfödd jude och f. Arne Ruth, styrelseledamot, tysk-född jude, Bonnier-redaktör DN. Susanne Urwitz, styrelseledamot, judisk advokat, samtidigt medlem i Svenska Kommittén mot Antisemitism. Bland övriga i toppen för år ses Bibi Andersson styrelseledamot, den kända skådespelerskan, som i andra sammanhang visat sitt stöd för Israel och som tidigare var ihop med supersionisten Per Ahlmark, se denne.
Andra som får räknas som icke-judiska "nyttiga idioter", shabbez gojer, och prosionister ser man: Robert Hårdh, jurist i organisationen. Percy Bratt, vice ordförande och advokat. På deras långa medlemslista från ses åtskilliga namn från den judiska gruppen: Vi har också noterat att båda de folkpartistiska politikerna Hadar Cars och Kerstin Ekman också är medlemmar. Det är också värt att nämna då Hadar Cars är nuvarande riksordförande för Samfundet Sverige-Israel och Kerstin Ekman är med i Samfundet Sverige-Israel sedan och var ordförande för Samfundet Sverige-Israel, västra kretsen, Ärkesionisten Jackie Jakubowski, chefredaktör på Judisk Krönika, har också engagerat sig för "humanismen".
Inom Amnesty International svenska männsikohandelsbolaget kom ledande sionister och Israel-lobbyister att på ett tidigt stadium kapa åt sig avsevärt inflytande.
Således ledde det till att organisationen, under dessa personers inverkan, kom att glömma bort sionismens mångtusende offer.
Även om en organisation kan ha ett hedervärt ytre och om dess företrädare gör storstilta deklarationer om alla människors lika värde och står upp till kamp mot globalt förtryck, så är organisationen fortfarande de personer den består av i sin ledning, och skall därför bara dömas för vad den gör - och vad den inte gör.
Att Amnesty International i sionistiska händer kan av dem användas och missbrukas som ett medel för dem att uppnå sina delmål i den sionistiska agendan illustrerades tydligt inför det s.
Per Wästberg Hirsch , jude och vice ordförande för Svenska Amnesty Samma artikel skriven av bl. Thomas Hammarberg, tidigare sionistisk chef för utlandsredaktionen på Expressen och tillsammans med Israel-anhängarna Per Ahlmarkoch Ernst Klein medförfattare till propagandaboken "Det Hotade Israel" , var generalsekreterare på Amnesty International Jesús Alcalá, jude från Spanien av s. Alcalá pläderar att revisionister och andra motståndare till judar, d.
Just ett fint resonemang från en människa som sedan blivit chef för en organisation vars syfte skall vara alla människors likhet inför lagen och möjlighet att fritt uttrycka sina åsikter.
Rolf Hertzman, Amnesty Internationals Afghanistan ansvarig Vi är sugna att se krokodilernas låtsas charmiga roller Just det; sist har vi en överrasning på den juridiska scenen Hon mesta lanseras som "debattör" profesZion!?
Självklart, aldrig beskymrade horan om jobb eller bostad som bara riktiga immigranter drabbas utan sökte en pung som sten, hittade något i mellanben och därefter förnyade sitt efternamn som "Sten" Nu använder signaturen som DD-Sten Trots sådan djur inte kapabel att fatta vad "jura" betyda, lanserat djuret sig själv här i listan..
Jo, hon avslöjade att hon får den andra lönen av Amnesty. Hon ger adressen och phone nummer också visar att hon verkligen har någon "mission" bland sina flockstammen som relaterat Ariel Dsharon eliten i Norden..
Här är uppgifter som Dilsa själv lämnat till våran tv redaktion: The imperialists have killed, as they say themselves, Che lots of times at different places, but what we hope is that one random day, there where imperialism expects it the least, commander "Che" Guevara will rise from his ashes as a phoenix: And that one day we'll get much more concrete notes of Che".
Today, my great heroe is Carlo Che Giuliani! The year-old Comrade, Luigi "Gigi" Longe, was ordered to leave the country when his sentence ends. There have been 18 similar cases in recent weeks in the aftermath of riots and pitched battles in the port city, in which police shot and injured three protesters, one seriously. Last week the court sentenced another man to two-and-a-half years in prison for plotting the riots. The prosecutor's office has demanded a year-old man be jailed for seven years for his role in fuelling them.
Almost two weeks ago there were violent protests at a summit of Group of Eight world leaders in Genoa, Italy, in which one man was shot dead.
Luigino "Gigi" Longo, a 43 year old trade unionist and socialist living in Norway, and Jonas Enander both received sentences of two and a half years. Andreas Ytterstad from Socialist Worker's sister organisation in Norway says, "Gigi is accused of injuring a police officer with a stone.
Gigi denies throwing any stone. The Norwegian print workers' union is among those who have already joined the Free Gigi campaign. Union rep Knut Jensen says, "We were present in Gothenburg. Sentencing a random demonstrator to several years in prison is an attack against the right to demonstrate. Cheques payable to Paul Robinson.
An Usrael passed Jew who held two women hostage and threatened to detonate a bomb during a botched robbery attempt was ordered detained by a district court Monday on suspicion of kidnapping and aggravated robbery. Katsin entered a currency-exchange outlet Saturday in Stockholm's main downtown rail station, carrying a belt that he claimed contained explosives.
He took two women hostage. After hours of overnight negotiations through a Russian-language translator, police persuaded him to free the two women. He surrendered early Sunday, leaving the belt behind. Police later said it contained no explosives and the gun he was carrying was a fake. The standoff had halted subway service and train traffic in and out of Stockholm, and the rail station was evacuated and surrounded by police.
A decision whether to charge Katsin has to be made before Jan. Kidnapping in SvekJa is punishable by between 4 and 10 years in jail, said Holst, the prosecutor. But never a Jew stand in any prison of Western so long Long time jails valid only ordinary cathegories of ordinary people, not for "Gud's selected folk" Immediately, a group Jewish lobby paid for a expensive advocate, Per Durling, to defense this criminal Katsin's lawyer, Per Durling, said Monday his client had admitted to wrongdoing.
He wouldn't say whether Katsin had told him the motive. But the same redacturs had no any single word when police explain that this "terrorist is a Jew criminal narcoman, came from the border by support a group".
Group is the famous parts of the famous Zionist lobbies Is it same vice prosecutor, who dteained the computers of Ahmed Rami in the last september? Expert to support the Jewish lobbies. He was like a nightingale when he detained the computers of "Free Speech fighters", but "Forget this case" ordered this time and European papers really just forget it.. Compare these papers, here!
Ovanstående knähundarnas sann yrke är förmedling.. Dessa fascister tjänar poengar via manipulera och muta officiella kretsar till och med kontrollera de importerade kriminella kollaboratörerna..
Dessa är experimenterade och listiga att förmedla mellan USraeli militär maffian och lobbyer som underminerar här EU's rölativt demokratiska institutionerna Cooperation and establishments visited The cooperation received by the CPT's delegation during the visit was very good at all levels.
More particularly, the delegation was given rapid access to - and received the necessary assistance in - all of the establishments visited, including those which had not received advance notice of the possibility of a visit by the CPT.
The delegation visited the following establishments: The delegation heard no allegations of ill-treatment from the persons it interviewed who were or had been detained by the police. In certain of those cases, it appeared that certain of the persons concerned had sustained injuries consistent with their allegations.
The persistence of such cases highlights once again the importance of the CPT's recommendations regarding safeguards for persons in police custody. Conditions of detention in the police establishments visited were, in general, of a good standard and fulfilled the criteria formulated by the CPT for police detention facilities. The delegation welcomes the fact that the new waiting cells at Stockholm Police Headquarters are of an acceptable size.
However, the waiting cells at Västberga Police Station, which measured 1 m² or less, were unsuitable for detention purposes for any length of time. Further, it would appear that not all persons detained on police premises overnight had been provided with mattresses and blankets. Turning to formal safeguards, the delegation found that there has been no appreciable progress as regards the implementation of its recommendations on the rights to notification of custody, access to a lawyer and access to a doctor.
The delegation has taken note of the authorities' intentions to develop a legislative framework regulating these issues. Nevertheless, five years after the CPT last addressed this issue, persons deprived of their liberty by the police in Sweden still have no formal right to inform a third party of their custody, they are unlikely to see a lawyer before their first formal hearing and, at least in some cases, have access to medical care only at the discretion of the police. Urgent action is required in order to bring practice in Sweden into line with the CPT's standards.
The CPT's recommendation that a form setting out the rights of persons detained by the police be produced and issued to each person taken into custody has also yet to be implemented. This could, and should, be done as of now at least as regards the rights currently enjoyed by detained persons.
In the report on its last summer visit to Sweden, the CPT stressed the importance of the existence of effective procedures for examining complaints against the police.
It has subsequently emphasised that, if a police complaints mechanism is to enjoy public confidence, it must both be, and be seen to be, independent and impartial. In the course of this visit, the CPT's delegation has taken the opportunity to examine in depth the operation of the police complaints system in the County of Västra Götaland.
That examination has included detailed discussions with police officers, lawyers and public prosecutors, as well as scrutiny of specific case files being processed by the police discipline unit for Västra Götaland and by the Gothenburg Public Prosecution Authority.
The CPT includes among the "benchmarks" for assessing whether a criminal investigation into possible ill-treatment by law enforcement officials is effective that the investigation must be capable of leading to 1 a determination of whether force used was or was not justified under the circumstances, and 2 to the identification and, if appropriate, the punishment of those concerned.
Further, all reasonable steps should be taken to secure evidence concerning the incident, including inter alia eyewitness testimony and forensic evidence. In a number of well-documented cases, the delegation found that these basic precepts had not been observed. It is equally essential that investigations of possible police misconduct be conducted in a prompt and reasonably expeditious manner.
Here again, the delegation found that allegations that complaints had not been expeditiously investigated were, in some cases, well-founded. In the view of the CPT, it is indispensable that the persons responsible for carrying out investigations into complaints against the police should be truly independent from those implicated in the events.
On the basis of its findings during this visit, the delegation wishes once more to emphasise that, in its view, it would be far preferable for the investigation of complaints against the police to be entrusted to an agency which is demonstrably independent of the police. The delegation heard no allegations of ill-treatment of prisoners by staff in Tidaholm Prison. Moreover, inmates generally spoke favourably about staff.
However, the CPT's mandate is not limited to the ill-treatment of persons deprived of their liberty which is inflicted or authorised by prison staff. The Committee is also concerned when it discovers an environment which is conducive to inter-prisoner intimidation and violence. At Tidaholm, the delegation was told by both management and inmates that fights between prisoners, especially in Unit C, which accommodates a significant number of inmates considered to be particularly challenging, are a regular occurrence.
The delegation commends the proactive manner in which such events are being addressed by staff. Nevertheless, continued vigilance is required; in this regard, current reflections concerning a possible restructuring of the unit should be pursued. Material conditions of detention at Tidaholm were of a high standard.
That said, all prisons require continuous upkeep and refurbishment, and at Tidaholm, the fact that the establishment is being used at its maximum capacity may be hampering that work. As regards regime, the vast majority of inmates enjoyed generous out-of-cell time and there were plans to extend work opportunities further. Moreover, the delegation appreciates the fact that efforts are being made to provide a wide range of educational and other activity programmes to prisoners.
However, the delegation is concerned about the extremely impoverished regime offered to prisoners held for prolonged periods in segregation for their troublesome behaviour. Measures should be taken to enhance possibilities for association among the prisoners concerned and to provide more activities to them, not least in the light of the deleterious mental health consequences on prisoners, observed by the delegation, of prolonged isolation. The delegation was informed of plans to reorganise the existing unit for prisoners considered to represent a particularly high security risk SÄK in such a way as to facilitate their return to normal location.
The delegation would stress that the prisoners concerned should, within the confines of their detention unit, enjoy a relatively relaxed regime by way of compensation for their severe custodial situation. In addition to being able to meet their fellow prisoners in the unit, they should be granted a good deal of choice about activities. Turning to health-care, the delegation was impressed by the professionalism and dedication of the establishment's health care staff.
Despite this, the existing resources in terms of psychiatric and nursing care made it difficult to fully meet the needs of the inmate population.
Further, in the light of the high prevalence of mental disorders among inmates, and especially among those held in isolation, the input from psychiatrists and psychologists should be significantly augmented.
The delegation gained a favourable impression of the programmes delivered in the unit for inmates with drug problems at Tidaholm Prison; ways should be sought to involve a larger number of prisoners in programmes of this type.
As regards the remand prisons visited, the delegation heard no allegations of ill-treatment of prisoners by staff, and gathered no other evidence of such treatment. Conditions of detention at Umeå were found to be satisfactory. However, the individual exercise areas, located on the roof of the building and measuring some 20 m², were too small for prisoners to exert themselves physically.
Prisoners who were not subject to restrictions were able to associate for several hours every day and had access to some activities. However, remand prisoners subject to restrictions spent up to 23 hours per day locked in their cells. The Västberga section of Kronoberg remand prison is located on the same premises as the Västberga Police Station.
A world inhabited by angels who had a specific language, which like mathematics could be learned and perfected. Though, how could we find out anything about the angelic language?
Probably by using our intuition, seek out what is inexplicable within and outside man. Penetrate a spiritual realm, though only as onlookers and listeners.
Before he met Dr. Dee, Edward Kelley´s life is virtually unknown. He was of Irish descent and when he showed up at Dr. Dee´s doorstep he called himself Talbot. Maybe he was one of many scammers who at that time walked around the kingdom trying to make living out of people's superstitions. Kelley was an educated man. He knew Latin and probably also some Greek. Dee had tried in vain to engage in skrying himself and in his home he had a darkened room furnished with soft carpets, tables, charts, and instruction manuals concerning practical magic.
In this chamber he spent several hours every evening while gazing into reflecting surfaces, trying to induce himself into a state of visionary trance. However, it had all been in vain until Edward Kelley turned up and in a deluge of visions told Dr.
Dee what he saw in Dr. Dee's crystal balls and obsidian mirror. Kelley even stated that he could look into an angelic sphere and even hear the talk of angels. I cannot help smiling thinking about Kelley enthusing the gullible scientist, who in his magical chamber maybe felt like in the song by Eurythmics. No-one on earth could feel like this. I´m thrown and overblown with bliss.
There must be an angel. Playing with my heart. And when I think that I´m alone. It seems there´s more of us at home. It´s a multitude of angels.
And they´re playing with my heart. Together Kelley and Dr. Dee reconstructed an angelic language they called Enochian since Dr. Dee new about the Jewish ancestor Enoch, mentioned in the genealogy lists in Genesis, as a man who turned into an angel and thus never died:.
Altogether, Enoch lived a total of years. Enoch walked faithfully with God; then he was no more, because God took him away. Dee also knew that Enoch was central in rabbinic literature; in the Book of Enoch and the Kabbalah. That he was well known among the Muslims and a prominent figure in the Ethiopian church. In the Kabbalah, Enoch is even regarded as Metatron , God's mouthpiece, perhaps even God's own voice.
Dee´s world was comprehensive, not least due to his voluminous library and frequent contacts with sailors and sea captains.
Dee obtained Tezcatlipoca´s obsidian mirror from one of them and it is possible that he also had heard about this strange divinity from one of the seafarers. Together with his brother Quetzalcoatl, Tezcatlipoca was the most powerful god in the fearsome Aztec pantheon and recipients of countless brutal human sacrifices.
His many epithets reflect his immense power, the fear he inspired, but also his dual nature as a god beyond good and evil - Titlacauan "We are his slaves," Ipalnemoani "Him we are living through," Necoc Yaotl "Enemy to both sides," Tloque Nahuaque "Lord of that which is near and far," Yohualli Ehacatl "Night wind" and Ilhuicahua Tlalticpaque "Master of Heaven and Earth".
Tezcatlipoca´s powers made him unpredictable and erratic. Accordingly, he was the God of Destiny and the inner meaning of his most common name was connected with that task — The Smoking Mirror.
The only creature who knew how to use the obsidian mirror in all its aspects was Tezcatlipoca, who had sacrificed his right foot, it had been replaced by an obsidian mirror. The concept that a god had to sacrifice a part of his body to gain a thorough knowledge of the secrets of Universe makes Tezcatlipoca akin to the Norse god Odin, who had to sacrifice one of his eyes to gain his all-encompassing knowledge.
Like Tezcatlipoca, Odin was the god of soothsayers. Obsidian was sacred to the Aztecs, more valuable than gold and silver. It was a weapon — the sacrificial knives used to cut up the victims' torso to rip out their hearts were usually made of obsidian and so was the Aztec warriors´ main weapon, the maquahitl , a one metre long blade made of oak, with two sides studded with sharpened obsidian.
A maquahitl could with one blow chop off the head by a horse. John Dee's speculum was an obsidian mirror, which certainly had been used in Aztec divination. Like the Maya and the Toltecs before them, the Aztecs were extremely interested in changing seasons and the course of the stars across the sky.
They had at their disposal complicated calendars and star charts to keep a careful track of the passage of time. The aj´kin is a kind of shaman who organizes ceremonies and keeps track of the time — the past, the present and the future. The engineer suggested that we should ask the aj'kin to "sing his family" and he then took up a long monotonous chant, which the engineer, who was an Ixil Indian, explained was a list of the ancestors of the aj´kin , from his father all the way back to a time long ago, before the Spaniards had appeared in Guatemala.
The aj'kin also sang "time" and "rain" and I understood how alive and well ancient calendars and divination still was among Aztec and Maya descendants. Tezcatlipoca was the lord of the smoking mirror and when Aztec priests looked into its polished surface, they saw not only their own reflection but also Tezcatlipoca in his manifestation as Titlahuacan "We are their men", which was the Aztec name for all their gods.
The Aztecs believed that their gods were actually a reflection of the "living", i. We are all children of the gods, though the gods are also our creation.
Everything is connected, we and the gods - the past, the present and the future. When people were sacrificed to Tezcatlipoca they were dressed and painted like the god.
He was both black and blue, or grey — since the sacrificing priests often dusted themselves with ash from burned victims. The priests who sacrificed victims dedicated to Tezcatlipoca wore masks representing the god. Such a mask is preserved in the British Museum, it is a mosaic encrusted human skull, cleaved in half so it can be worn in front of the face. It is lined with leather and has two ribbons that may be tied by the back of the neck. When I came home last Tuesday, I was greeted by Erik, an always equally pleasant man, but that particular day he was in an unusually good mood.
Erik, who is from the Philippines, helps us once a week with cleaning and ironing and he was now very pleased with the recent election results in his home country, where the controversial, but popular Rodrigo "Rody" Rua Duterte had won.
Nostradamus can be used for everything, now he had already in predicted the Philippine election results in I was thinking about the Aztec magicians who likewise were believed to be capable of telling the future by combining the past, the present and the future, a technique apparently used by Nostradamus as well.
He often rewrote happenings in his own time in such a manner that they seemed to foretell the future as well. After talking with Eric I looked up the prophecies of Nostradamus. They provide an astonishing reading. Almost every one of the quatrains in his book looks and reads like a concentrated poem, prophetic and imaginative, open to various interpretations:.
Alas, you will see a great nation bleed. Reduced to utter ruin by other creeds. Each time a new gold, silver mine is found. A smell of destruction, plagues and cannon smoke permeates everything. It is far from any sunny, optimistic texts that the solemn Nostradamus is offering us.
It is not only current occurrences around him that inspire Nostradamus´ prophesies, also bygone times fuel his imagination. We get an invitation to visit him while he looks into the future: Being seated at night in a secret study. Alone upon a stool of bronze at ease. Slim flame issuing forth from solitude. Fuels prophecies, not futile to believe. A bronze stool was probably not to be found in Nostradamus´ home, it seems to have been borrowed from the Pythia of the ancient Delphi oracle and almost all of Nostradamus´ knowledge seems to be based on a wide variety of whims, bits and pieces of current news, all kinds of reading, ancient and contemporary history mixed up with thunderous visions and prophecies of a dark future.
While the prophet rarely appears in person, there is a strange intimacy in his texts, a subdued passion and intensity. I read page after page and cannot avoid an impression that this is actually great and remarkable poetry.
I have not the faintest idea if Nostradamus has something to say about the future, if he has something to say about what is awaiting us it reminds me of Cohen´s words: Like the Aztecs´ world Nostradamus universe is bleak and menacing.
Incidentally Nostradamus used the same divination technique as Dr. Dee and the Aztecs. He stared down into a vat filled with reflecting water, until he entered a trance and was overpowered by strange visions. A method that seems to stimulate a subconscious mind flow, something the Surrealists were searching for several hundred years later and maybe there might be a connection?
The modernist poet Guillaume Apollinaire was impressed by Nostradamus while he read him in trenches overflowing with mud, blood and rotting carcasses. Apollinaire is one of modern art's great inspirers, with whom we find wellsprings for Cubism, Dadaism and Surrealism.
In the Centre Pompidou in Paris we find a portrait of Apollinaire by his Italian friend Giorgio Chirico, painted in the spring of In the foreground is a marble bust with dark glasses. It does not seem to be a portrait of Apollinaire, in any case it does not look like him. Chirico has said that it is Orpheus, though he cannot always be trusted. However, the bust might also be understood as a symbol of the poet's lack of respect for Classical art, or vice versa - how Apollinaire modernized and revitalized obsolete artistic manifestations.
In the background, we immediately recognize Apollinaire's characteristic silhouette and by the temple we find in the pitch black shadow a yellow ring, reminiscent of a target.
Two years later Apollinaire was hit by a bullet at exactly the same spot. Was Chirico a prophet? In the spring of Paris buzzed with rumours about an upcoming war, which finally broke out with full strength after a declaration of war against Germany on August the 3 rd.
However, it was not until December of the same year that Apollinaire, who was not even a French citizen at the time, volunteered to the French artillery. Maybe Chirico had already in the spring of anticipated that his friend would enter the war and get shot.
Gunshot wounds in the head was after all the most common injury during the upcoming trench warfare. But who could have imagined that it would become such a war? And why did Chirico call his portrait Portrait [prémonitoire] de Guillaume Apollinaire , Portrait prophetically of Guillaume Apollinaire. It was the hell of war that brought Nostradamus to life again. Apollinaire discovered him through his own terrible experiences and knew that Nostradamus spoke of current times. Meanwhile, Tristan Tzara and Hugo Ball made the same discovery — Nostradamus was a Poet — and they began to general acclaim read Nostradamus prophecies aloud in their Cabaret Voltaire in Zurich.
And by the way, speaking of Nostradamus as a poet, I might mention that the first edition of The Oracles of Nostradamus as a literary masterpiece, and not only sensational prophecies, was made by Random House in New York in , in their series The Modern Library. Publisher was the same Bennett Serf whom I mentioned in the beginning of the essay as the publisher of Joyce's Ulysses. Perhaps Serf had discovered similarities between the style of the Renaissance visionary and Joyce's celebrated stream of consciousness?
Books have their destinies. My grandfather had an interesting library where I made strange discoveries. One time I found a booklet of fifty pages by a certain Georg Ljungström, with a title which in translation would be The world famous seer Nostradamus prophecies about the fate of the world from the year to the year It was the first time I had seen the name Nostradamus and I devoured the book right away and asked my grandfather if I could take it with me home, he laughed and said it was mine.
I then had the booklet lying for years until I sometime in the early eighties came to browse it. Nostradamus prophecies are scattered helter-skelter and you may pick what you want from his vast smorgasbord and adapt it to the time you happen to live in.
So did George Ljungström, though I found some his comments to be slightly remarkable. Ljungström´s book was written in , three years after the Treaty of Versailles and his comments to some of Nostradamus quatrains were interpreted in connection with Versailles.
I think they were 5: The wretch laid so low he shall die of grief. His victrix shall then celebrate his fall. Fresh sets of laws, drawing up of decrees: The seventh day both Prince and wall will fall. Germany will see the birth of divers sects. Quite like the paganism of ancient times.
Conquering hearts and content with small receipts. They shall return to paying the true tith. The thin one shall rule for nine years in peace,. Then fall into an immense thirst for blood: For this lawless one a great people dies,. To be slain by a rival far more good.
Beasts wild with hunger shall swim the rivers: Most of the hordes shall move against Ister. He will have the great one dragged in iron cage. When the child of the German Rhine surveys. Georg Ljungström interprets these oddities as if the French during the peace negotiations had been far too harsh toward the vanquished Germans. They would not be able to pay the imposed war reparations and instead gather in political parties that would support a certain Hister.
About a ten years after the Treaty of Versailles Ljungström interprets "the thin one" as the American president Wodroow Wilson, who was still alive in , but died in , the Germans would rise again and seek revenge. Actually not so bad calculated, considering that Hitler came to power in I became even more fascinated by Ljungström´s interpretation of Nostradamus´ quatrain 6: The realm of the Fez into Europe shall spread.
Burning its cities, slashing with the sword: Land and sea, the horde of the Asian men. Blue turbans most, shall hunt the Cross to death. Ljungström merged this prophecy with another quatrain, The king of Angoumois has been interpreted as the king of Arabs or Mongols, but does in reality appear as being connected the Duke of Angouleme, a town in western France.
What I found both amusing and slightly disturbing in Ljungström's commentary was his remark that after the Young Turks have rebelled against Sultan Mehmed IV and the Ottoman Empire had been cut up by the victors, there was certainly nothing to fear from the Muslims - they would never be able to rise again.
They were the ones who would threaten Europe in This remark made me believe that Nostradamus probably made more sense than Ljungström. By the end of the 20 th century it was actually the Muslims who were on the move again.
And in the early s, it was quite interesting to read that Nostradamus with the blue turbans meant the Persians, i. By the beginning of my essay, I mentioned Strindberg, who may be labelled as Sweden´s national author, who by the end of his life could be considered as slightly crazy, engrossed as he had become with strange, occult speculations. However, like other men who changed in their old age and stepped straight into the Spirit World, like John Dee and the Swedish seer Emanuel Swedenborg, a certain geniality may also be detected in the works Strindberg wrote even during this period of his life.
While writing this essay I discovered that Strindberg during his last years socialized quite frequently with the obscure Georg Ljungström, who was an engineer employed by the Swedish Company of Electricity, but also served as president for the Swedish Theosophical Society and had published several books not only about Nostradamus, but also wrote about the Astral World and the Black Magi who according to him lived under the South Pole and affected the entire world in a deplorable manner.
Strindberg appreciated both Ljungström´s occult books and his extensive poetic production. For example, a poem that begins:. What we here on earth use to call the night. From you, Underground, old and other. When I told my father what I had found in Ljungström's book about Nostradamus he assumed that it would thrill Bo "Pax" Göransson, one of his colleagues at the local newspaper Norra Skåne.
I knew Pax, a nice man and knowledgeable journalist, but also a religious zealot of great proportions, with an unfortunate propensity for strange cults and inadequate prophecies, something he occasionally vented in Norra Skåne under the heading The Hazelnut. Amusing, but usually quite crazy reflections.
My father lent my Nostradamus book to Pax, but a few months later he suffered a tragic accident. On his way to work during a snowstorm, Pax had no car but rode a bike or walked to work, he got lost in the haze and was run over by a truck. Thus my Nostradamus book also disappeared. A Critical and Comparative Study. University of California Press. Fermosel, José Luis A. Nostradamus The Prophesies. Tezcatlipoca, "Lord of the Smoking Mirror".
University Press of Colorado. Tedlock, Barbara Time and the Highland Maya. University of New Mexico Press. Woollet, Benjamin The Queens Conjuror: The Life and Magic of Dr Dee. When I a few days ago indolently watched TV I ended with a rather insane science fiction movie called Pandorum.
It was about how 60, people in had been induced to hyper sleep and sent off on a year-long trip to a planet called Tanis, reckoned to be similar to Earth.
Every two years two crew members were awakened to watch over their cargo of sleeping people, while their predecessors returned to hyper sleep. The movie became increasingly bizarre when it turned out that a supervillain through gene altering fluids, which he had introduced into some of the sleeper's oxygen supply had transformed them into degenerate, man-eating monsters.
Pandorum is one of several other science fiction films in which people have travelled in deep sleep, far away into unknown spheres of existence. It would suffice to mention , Planet of the Apes and Alien as some of the better contributions to a genre with roots down deep in Antiquity. In the Middle East there exist age-old traditions about how men have fallen asleep in a cave and been awakened hundreds of years later. One such legend gained a compelling influence during the 's AD, perhaps in conjunction with the Council of Ephesus in when Virgin Mary was recognized as worthy of veneration and cult throughout Christendom at the same as it was decided that all the temples destined for the cult of Roman emperors were to be destroyed.
Some five kilometres outside of Ephesus, not far from modern Izmir in Turkey, you may if you are lucky, since it is occasionally is sealed off by a fence, visit the Cave of the Seven Sleepers. Several Christians and Muslims believe in the miracle of the Seven Sleepers, especially since it is highlighted in the Qur´an.
Since the Qur´an is not telling us where the miracle occurred, several caves are currently venerated as the place where the seven men fell asleep. The most visited cave is under a modern mosque just outside of Amman in Jordan. However, everything indicates that the cave outside Ephesus is the original site of the Christian worship of the Seven Sleepers. The large cave below a hill called Panayirdag was already in the sixth century the goal of numerous pilgrimages.
Between and the site was excavated and hundreds of graves from different time periods were found. They had been placed under mosaic and marble floors in various shrines erected at different times. In the seventh century a now vanished, large dome surmounted a mausoleum built on the hill slope. Several graves were from the fifth century and inscriptions in tombs and on the cave walls were referring to the Seven Sleepers.
Such inscriptions are actually mentioned in the Qur´an. The fascinating and for its time incomprehensibly well informed historian Edward Gibbon provides in his The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire , written as early as in the s, a comprehensive account of how the story of the Seven Sleepers was written down already fifty years after the event was said to have occurred, i.
Gibbon tells us how the legend spread throughout the Near East, how it reached the Arabs and Muhammad and soon ended up on the far away northern coasts of Germania, where Paul the Deacon places the story, which by him has been turned into a different kind of miracle story, implying that the pagan peoples in the far North might one day become Christians as well:.
In the farthest boundaries of Germany toward the west-north-west, on the shore of the ocean itself, a cave is seen under a projecting rock, where for an unknown time seven men repose wrapped in a long sleep, not only their bodies, but also their clothes being so uninjured, that from this fact alone, that they last without decay through the course of so many years, they are held in veneration among those ignorant and barbarous peoples.
These then, so far as regards their dress, are perceived to be Romans. When a certain man stirred by cupidity, wanted to strip one of them, straightaway his arm withered, as is said, and his punishment so frightened the others that no one dared touch them further. The future will show for what useful purpose Divine Providence keeps them through so long a period. Perhaps those nations are to be saved some time by the preaching of these men, since they cannot be deemed to be other than Christians.
Paul the Deacon obviously did not know the legend in the form it had obtained within the former Roman Empire, though the bishop of Tours in the Loire Valley of France, knew it quite well and wrote it down two hundred years before Paul the Deacon.
In his chronicle of Frankish history Gregory of Tours tells the story of the Seven Sleeper in a way that basically is consistent with the version Jacobus Voragine in presented in his book The Golden Legend , a collection of legends that became one of Christendom's most popular books.
According to the legend, the Seven Sleepers were wealthy, young Christians who lived around the year in Ephesus, their names were Maximian, Malchus, Marcianus, Dionysius, John, Serapyon and Constantine. In that year the Roman Emperor Decius had decreed that all Roman citizens who did not sacrifice for the emperor's wellbeing would be executed.
The seven men gave away their possessions to the poor and withdrew to a cave under the mountain of Celion. When the emperor learned about this he ordered the cave to be sealed off by a stone wall while the young men were sound asleep inside, with the intention that they would die of hunger and thirst, after as Gregory of Tours wrote "devouring one another.
Thirteen years after Emperor Theodosius II had come to power the wall in front of the sleepers cave was torn down, i. Here Voragine is poorly informed because he writes that it was years after the men had been detained within the cave, in fact it was years.
The Qur´an states that "they stayed in their cave for three hundred years, and [some] add nine. The Qur´an states that "some add nine" - lunar years are actually equivalent to solar years. The wall in front of the cave entrance was torn down because some shepherds wanted to use the cave as a corral for their sheep and thus replaced the wall with a fence. The following morning brought the sunlight to the sleeping men and woke them up.
They thought they had slept for just one night and sent Malchus down to Ephesus to buy bread and to check upon the current situation. He became surprised when he saw the newly erected fence outside the cave and a Christian cross above the city gate. When he tried to pay the bread with centuries-old coins, it rose quite a stir in the market place since people assumed that Malchus had found a buried treasure.
Malchus was brought to the bishop and the mayor and explained to them that he and his friends had the day before fled from the persecutions of Emperor Decius, but he could not understand how the city could have changed so thoroughly during one night and not the least that the behaviour and looks of its inhabitants could have been so utterly transformed overnight.
The bishop and the mayor followed Malchus up to the cave, where they among the torn down stone blocks found the parchment that affirmed Malchus story. They authorities sent for Emperor Theodosius, who at once travelled down to Ephesus, expressly to speak to the resurrected men. After the Seven Sleepers had spoken to the emperor they returned to their cave, laid down and died in their sleep. Almost at once the Seven Sleepers became objects of intense worship, not the least since their long sleep came to be regarded as proof that the death of pious men was nothing more than a long sleep before the upcoming Last Judgment.
Stories about awakened sleepers who have overslept is not an unusual theme in fairy tales. Legends of heroes and villains who sleep for hundreds of years are known worldwide, as well as tales of sleeping beauties, or men who end up in worlds beyond time and space, in mountain caves or under lakes, only after long periods of time to return to places changed beyond recognition.
The story of the Seven Sleepers is a legend and as legends commonly do it presents us with name of the actors, the place where the extraordinary event took place and also the time when it all happened. It is true that Ephesus around AD was largely a Christian city. It had since the 90s been a bishop seat and an important centre for the spread of Christianity.
When Decius came to power in the year he was in his fifties and had served as senator, consul, governor and a general for Roman troops stationed in the Balkan, thus he had become convinced that Rome's central power must be secured and all tendencies to split it up contested. Decius regarded Christianity as a state within the state and demanded tangible proofs of the Christian faithfulness to the Roman supremacy.
The sign that the Christians considered themselves as loyal Roman subjects was that they took part in public sacrifices to the Roman emperor's welfare. This did not mean that they renounced their faith, it was only considered as a visible act that they accepted that the State was their superior. Romans generally distinguished between personal piety and the state cult, the latter had nothing to do with an individual's relation to various deities.
Sacrifices for the emperor´s health were simply considered as a proof of an acceptance of the governing laws of the State and that those who supported the sacrifices were opposed to anarchy and any opposition to the Government.
If Christians refused to sacrifice for the emperor's welfare it was considered as an open revolutionary act and in accordance with Decius decree punishable with death. If Christians participated in the sacrifice for the Emperor´s wellbeing they received a written statement from the officiating priest to be used as a guarantee that they were not at all opposed to the supremacy of Roman government.
Naturally, the decree caused violent disturbances. Many Christians refused to sacrifice and several of them were sentenced to death. Some Christians´ refusal to sacrifice also led to violent anti-Christian pogroms in Carthage and Alexandria, where mobs incited by demagogues who claimed that the Christians had poisoned public wells, which according to them had led to a violent plague that affected the entire Roman Empire. This is reminiscent of how Christians much later massacred Jews during the Black Death, for similar, equally baseless accusations of well poisoning.
Only two years after his enthronement Decius died in a battle against the Goths, though his decree that all Roman citizens had to sacrifice for the wellbeing of the emperor was not withdrawn until ten years later, when Emperor Gallienus realized that the whole empire was falling apart and he needed the Christian support to preserve it.
It is possible that Decius attacked the Christians of Ephesus particularly hard, but it could not have been as violent as Gregory of Tours described it:.
When Decius came to Ephesus, he ordered that Christians be persecuted to the elimination, if possible, of their faith. He burned them amidst their pleas and fear. They burned victims and the whole city went dark with fumes. According to Gregory, Decius spared seven young people because they were so handsome, that the emperor thought it would be a waste to execute such strong men and suggested to them that they would closely consider their refusal to sacrifice. If they had changed their mind, he would spare them when he returned to Ephesus within a year.
Nevertheless, when Decius returned, he found that the seven young Christians had disappeared from the city and through threats and violence, he received information from their relatives that they were hiding in a cave and while the seven men were asleep Decius´ soldiers sealed the cave. In Orhan Pamuk's novel My Name is Red , stories are intertwined, forming an intricate pattern, a complicated structure.
One of the different perspectives is provided a dog, who is being able to transmit his thoughts. A free and fairly ferocious creature that both confirms and denies several Muslims´ aversion to dogs. He tracks different conceptions of dogs' value and characteristics and thus mentions the legend of the Seven Sleepers, stating that if a faithful dog was worthy of being mentioned in the Holy Qur´an this fact is a great honour for any dog. Accordingly do creatures like him merit more respect from orthodox Muslims.
And now, having abandoned them and what they worship other than God, let us take refuge in a cave, and God will spread out his mercy and make it easy for you to find the prudent path to follow in this matter. The eighteenth sura is one of the Qur´an´s longer chapters and mentions several myths and legends. It seems to suggest that the legend of the Seven Sleepers was well known in the world in which the Holy Scripture was revealed. Like so much else in the Qur´an, there is a concrete touch to the story.
It is for example explained how it came about that the sleepers did not obtain any bedsores during their long sleep on the hard rock and that their dog could keep guard over them:. And you would have imagined them to be awake as they slept on. We would turn them from right side to left, as their dog spread its paws across the entrance.
The Qur'an emphasizes that there is no point to argue about a narrative´s irrelevant particulars, such as to discuss whether the sleepers were three, five or seven in number. Yet others will say: Most important is what the story really tells us, its deeper meaning, namely that truth consists regardless of the passage of time, how much we humans might argue about it.
The Qur´an states that the truth behind everything is God's permanent presence. His all-encompassing power persists whatever we humans might undertake. The proof is that when the seven sleepers entered their cave, it was uncertain whether the truth would be able to survive the divisive perceptions of what was right or wrong, but when the sleepers woke up after their three-hundred-years long sleep, the found that truth had triumphed.
What Pamuk´s dog is proud of the fact that it was a dog that was chosen to watch over the sleepers, it seems to imply that he, unlike humans with all their acquired knowledge, through his animal instinct is an integral part of nature and thus represents God´s unwavering order. The laws of God remain forever true. Or as Galileo Galilei observed when, after having been forced to admit that the Earth does not revolve around the sun eppur si muove , "yet it does move".
Incidentally, this neatly expressed opinion, as well as many other famous sayings and quotes, has been questioned. The first time it was mentioned in the literature was in , more than a hundred years after Galileo's death. However, in a wealthy family in Brussels left a painting to a restaurateur for cleaning. It represented Galileo in a prison cell, and he held a nail in his hand.
When the painting had been cleaned it was found it was signed in the year , the year after Galileo's death and that on the prison wall behind the Italian mathematician the words Eppur si muove was engraved. It is known that Galileo's friend Ascanio Piccolimini after the great scientist's death ordered a painting from the famous painter Bartolome Esteban Murillo.
However, like most good stories the tale about the lost portrait is also being doubted. The painting has disappeared and it only remains as a reproduction in lot of books about Galileo, where the picture is taken from a book published in That we humans, unlike the cats and dogs that we live together with, have no intimate contact with the great, marvellous universe that surrounds us, also pops up in a strange and frankly speaking quite difficult novel by José Saramago.
Achado shows up in an abandoned dog house in the potter Cipriano Algor´s garden. Cipriano lives in a depopulated village near a giant Centre , which mercilessly devours not only the world of the humans, but also their entire way of thinking. An artificial consumption and residential conglomerate where large, artificial establishments are made to imitate nature - storms, lush vegetation, waterfalls, etc. It is the market forces that govern The Centre. Unceasing control and security measures make residents losing their personality and reduce them to mere consumers.
Even the potter Cipriano is pulled into The Centre's relentless march forward. Though the dog Achado saves him from losing his soul. Achado is part of the reality - nature - that surrounds us all, completely in accordance with Galileo's observation eppur si muove. Like the Seven Sleepers in their cave are protected by their faithful dog, Achado is watching over Cipriano. The dog's secure patience, sincere loyalty, tenderness and tranquillity that Ciproano finds reflected in Achado´s gaze make the redundant potter The Centre has replaced his earthenware with plastic products relaize the deep love he has for his daughter and her husband.
Achado appeared at Cipriano´s place out of his own free will. Cipriano´s realization that the dog actually chose to live with him and thereby abandoned his previous existence makes it possible for the potter to make the decision to liberate himself and his loved ones from The Centre's ever increasing and immersive parasitism.
All this being said does not mean that I appreciated Saramago's novel in full — the style was far too heavy, too compact and preaching, the parables were too obvious, but in spite of this the story stuck with me.
Maybe since its description of different characters was strong and I thus could identify with the poor Cipriano, a loser about the same age as me. All these stories about sleeping and waking up to strange worlds made me think about how it might feel like to have lost a large part of your life.
People who have lost their lives in work, dreams and illusions. Who believed that an attractive, though unrealised future might release them from all their troubles and shortcomings; that money, fame and admiration will finally be bestowed upon them and make them happy. People who have not realized the truth of John Lennon's beautiful words in the song to his son Sean, Beautiful Boy: Before you cross the street take my hand.
Life is what happens to you while you're busy making other plans. We read and hear about people who have been imprisoned year out and year in, only to be released into an alien world.
There are plenty of examples of individuals, both guilty and innocent, who have lost their lives in prisons and labour camps, simply to be thrown headlong into worlds that have changed beyond recognition and where no one seems to know them anymore.
It tells the story about a charming lazybones who suffered hard after having married a stern lady who constantly, and with good reason, complained about him. Rip stayed as often as possible away from home, roaming in the forests, fishing or helping neighbours and friends with errands and odd jobs that "men avoid doing in their own homes. Morning, noon, and night, her tongue was incessantly going and everything she said or did was sure to produce a torrent of household eloquence.
Rip had but one way of replying to all lectures of the kind, and that by frequent use had grown in to a habit. He shrugged his shoulders, shook his head, cast up his eyes, but said nothing. This, however, always provoked a fresh volley from his wife; so that he was fain to draw off his forces, and take to the outside of the house — the only side, which in truth, belongs to a henpecked husband. A sunny day Rip van Winkle wandered far away, in among the Catskill Mountains , which the Hudson River is winding through.
In a glade he surprised a peculiar group of under seized men, who dressed in archaic clothes played nine-pin bowling. They were unusually taciturn and serious, but generously offered Rip a large flagon with a tasty drink reminding him of excellent Dutch ale, before they doggedly return to their skittles.
Mug after mug with the tasty ale, mixed with the muffled rumbling of the wooden balls made Rip fall asleep on the deep, cushy grass. When he woke up, it was a warm and sunny morning.
When he came up on his feet he was surprised by how stiff his joints had become and assumed the hard ground had given him a bout of rheumatism. His clothes were worn and torn: What excuse shall I make to Dame Van Winkle? When he called his faithful it refused to appear. On his way home Rip marvelled at how there was a mountain stream where there had been a ditch the day before, and he became even more amazed when he arrived in his home village and found that people were pointing fingers at him.
They seemed to be both amazed and worried. He put his hand to his face and found that it was wrinkled and an unkempt beard had grown a foot long. When Rip faltered to his home, he found a dilapidated, overgrown hovel. Soon, he encountered a couple of old men and under their beards and wrinkles they revealed themselves as his old drinking cronies, telling him that he had been missing for over twenty years.
Rip van Winkle´s wife had died long ago, after a vein had ruptured in a fit of passion at a New England peddler. Rip´s children were grown-ups. The boy was the same lazy fellow as Rip once had been, but the daughter wass both beautiful and thrifty and allowed her aged father to stay with her and her family.
An old man explained that Rip Van Winkle had fallen victim to Henry Hudson and his men, who after their death for more than one hundred and fifty years ago every twenty years was having a party while they visited the place where they once had anchored and where their captain gave the river its name. They then drank a beverage that kept them alive, but at the same time caused them to wake up just for one day and night in every twenty years´ time.
It was such a drink they had invited Rip Van Winkle to. The villagers assumed that this might be the only explanation to why an aged Rip had appeared in their village after twenty years of deep sleep. Oddly enough Rip Van Winkle did not regret that he had slept away twenty years of his life.
Instead, he was pleased by the fact that his wife had died and that he, as an old man, was not expected to do any hard work but could devote himself to his favourite pastimes - fishing, walking and tell stories to the village children. For sure, reality is much worse. Rip Van Winkle slept away twenty years of his life, but other men and women have lost year after year in hell, which they every morning were forced to wake up to.
As in Primo Levi´s horrifying memories from Auschwitz where shouts of Wstavac! Have you been imprisoned, racked and separated from normal life you cannot become the same person you were before you entered the gates of hell. Andrzej Wajda's film Landscape After Battle begins with scenes of how concentration camp inmates in striped prison clothes, to the triumphant sounds of Vivaldi's The Spring , comes running towards us in a drab, grey winter landscape A man walks up to the barbed wire fence and gently grasps a wire - there is no deadly current.
He and several others tear down the barbed wire and rush out into the empty, snow-covered landscape. Out there, they meet soldiers and embrace them. Though after a while close-ups reveal bewilderment in the once joyous faces, people do not know where to go and slowly return back towards the barracks, where other groups of prisoners are waiting. The music, which for a while has calmed down, again becomes cheerful and sprightly.
Liberated inmates smash windows, burn books, gobble down food but we see that it makes them sick , hunt down and kill camp guards, undress in the snow, while they naked burn their prison clothes. However, the music once more becomes subdued, melancholic. Once again close-ups of confused faces. Men move between barbed wire fences, or across barren fields. Snow, cold, greyness, emptiness. Wajda´s movie is based on parts of Tadeusz Borowski´s memories from his time in Auschwitz - This Way for the Gas, Ladies and Gentlemen , a book filled with scenes drilling into your memory.
Like Wajda´s movie Borowski´s text swings between close-ups and group shots, activity and reflection, empty landscapes and cramped rooms, portraying Auschwitz, the terrible numbness and emptiness that reigned there and continued to haunt those who survived that hell.
Like so many others survived the concentration camps and told as about them, like Primo Levi and Paul Celan, Borowski took his own life. When I asked my high school pupils, which was their favourite movie they seemed to be almost unanimously in agreement that it was Shawshank Redemption by Frank Darabont.
I was surprised, particularly since that film was made in , long before they were born. But their choice was understandable, it is an excellent movie about lost lives and fulfilled dreams, a film about a miracle. It seems that schoolchildren could almost instinctively identify themselves with lifetime prisoners in an inhumane prison.
As students they are forced to go to school every work day, while constantly being judged as individuals and according to their efforts. The burden of homework and tests may for some of them be devastating, in particularly if they are constantly monitored by demanding teachers and parents. Most of them certainly dream about a final exemption from the school treadmill, a liberation that might direct them towards money and success. Darabont´s film is based on a short story by Stephen King Rita Hayworth and the Shawshank Redemption , in which he lets an old jailbird, Red in the movie played by Morgan Freeman tell the story about a man who with intelligence and infinite patience managed to damage the system and turn himself into free man.
When Stephen King is in great form, he is very good. Red tells his story in a dry, cynical and colloquial manner. Listen to him describing his hero Andy Dufresne´s predecessor as prison librarian.
An institutionalized man imprisoned for over thirty years, Brooks Hatlen had once in drunken madness killed his wife and daughter, but was finally pardoned:. He was sixty-eight and arthritic when he tottered out of the main gate in his Polish suit and his French shoes, his parole papers in one hand and a Greyhound bus ticket in the other.
He was crying when he left. Shawshank was his world. What lay beyond its walls was as terrible to Brooks as the Western Seas had been to superstitious fifteenth-century sailors. In prison, Brooksie had been a person of some importance. He was the librarian, an educated man. I heard he died in a home for indigent old folks up Freeport way in , and at that he lasted about six months longer than I thought he would.
Yeah, I guess the State got its own back on Brooksie, all right. They trained him to like it inside the shithouse and then they threw him out.
In his movie Frank Darabont expands the poor librarian´s pathetic role and deepens it further. In an interview he explaine d: In the movie th e library of the calm and resigned Brooks Hatlen becomes a sanctuary for the abused, beaten and battered Andy Dufresne, a place where he finds strength to slowly and patiently put together his great and complicated escape plan.
When he finally is pardoned, Brooks releases Jake and takes the bus back to freedom, where he is shocked by the changes - houses, cars, people, all the stress, all the bustle, the terrible loneliness in the middle of a seething life. He ends up in a dreary rehabilitation apartment and works packing merchandize into bags at a supermarket.
Finally, Brooks writes a letter to his prison pals, describing his fears, his loneliness and feeling of worthlessness. On a roof beam in his depressing abode, he carves the message "Brooks was here", before he attaches a rope around it and hangs himself.
When Red finally comes out of prison, he ends up on the same flophouse and when he sees the words that Brooks carved on the beam Red realizes that he also is doomed to despair and misery, but a miracle delivers him - Redemption in the form of a message from his friend and hero Andy Dufresne.
I read King's short story four years after I during a summer had worked at Saint Lars´ mental hospital in Lund, Sweden. Even then I was impressed by the short and admirably concentrated paragraph about Brooks Hatlen´s fate.
I was once again and even stronger reminded of my time at Saint Lars when I ten years later saw the movie. I believe that those drugs, combined with the stupefying boredom of the day area and the individual rooms, were instrumental in making the inmates severely institutionalized. The day room was bright and quite nicely furnished, with comfortable sofas, potted plants, board games, books and magazines. The patients could come out into the kitchen to get coffee, mineral water and slices of a sweet loaf, which I will never forget and surely will not eat again, though the food was quite decent.
They were dressed in their everyday clothes and occasionally I found the patients nicer and more normal than some of the personell. I got talking to an elderly gentleman who had been detained since his youth, sometime in the late s. He had been an underpaid farmhand and in youthful bravado put fire on the residence of the landlord. I do not remember if anyone had died or been injured due to the fire, but the perpetrator was interned as "mentally unreliable" and had since then been shuffled from institution to institution, until he ended up in the sofa in the day area at Saint Lars, where he sat reading a newspaper or a book.
He was somewhat lethargic in his speech, but to me he gave the impression of being quite normal and when I asked the personnel about him they were all agreed that it was not really anything wrong with him, other than that the constant medication had dulled him down and the medical doctors considered it would be irresponsible to release him outside of Saint Lars´ gates.
What surprised me when I spoke with the patients was that they, contrary to what I had assumed, considered themselves to be in need of care. Even the old man, who when I asked him why replied: Paul the Deacon History of the Lombards. Drake, Stillman Galileo at Work: Gregory of Tours History of the Franks. Irving, Washington Legend of Sleepy Hollow and other stories.
Khalidi, Tarif The Qur´an. Saramago, José The Cave. Pamuk, Orhan My Name is Red. London and New York: Voragine, Jacobo di The Golden Legend: Någon gång på tvåhundratalet skrev Terentianus Maurus fyra böcker Om bokstäver, stavelser och versmått.
Alltså — böcker får sin betydelse genom vem som läser dem. I sin roman Rosens Namn tolkar Umberto Eco talesättet lite annorlunda — böcker delar sina öden med sina läsare. I ett brev till sin amerikanske förläggare, Benett Cerf, skrev James Joyce att så fort hans Ulysses hade tryckts och publicerats så började den leva ett eget liv, fast inte hos mig — jag gillade dessvärre inte Joyces så intensivt hyllade roman och slutade läsa den efter ett par kapitel.
Strindberg betraktade tydligen också sina böcker som en slags organismer, som i en dikt han skrev i Paris, samma stad där Joyce skrev Ulysses:. Vid avenue de Neuilly där ligger ett slakteri, och när jag går till staden, jag går där alltid förbi. Det stora öppna fönstret det lyser av blod så rött, på vita marmorskivor där ryker nyslaktat kött.
Idag där hängde på glasdörrn ett hjärta, jag tror av kalv, som svept i gauffrerat papper jag tyckte i kölden skalv. Då gingo hastiga tankar till gamla Norrbro-Bazarn, där lysande fönsterraden beskådas av kvinnor och barn. Där hänger på boklådsfönstret en tunnklädd liten bok. Det är ett urtaget hjärta som dinglar där på sin krok. Böcker kan ju också vara döfödda, eller hamna i en slags törnrosasömn och enbart stundtals vakna upp till liv, då någon läsare finner dem - som i en dikt av Lars Huldén:.
Om evighetens längd handlar denna sägen:. I ett av bibliotekets armarier. Jag tycker det är lite trist att biblioteken inte längre stämplar i böckerna när de lånats ut. Förr fascinerades jag då jag fann att någon annan läst någon obskyr bok jag lånat hem. Vilka var de personer i Hässleholm som läst den bok jag nu läste? Böcker kommer och går i mitt liv, som om de hade ett eget liv.They were the ones who would threaten Europe in In the view of the CPT, it is indispensable that the persons responsible for carrying out investigations into complaints against the police should be truly independent from those implicated in the events. Alarming examples of this phenomenon can be found in the U. I do not know any Portuguese, but the book was thin, the title exciting and my hankering for any kind of novel was so strong that I bought the book while hoping that my Spanish would help me to get through it, especially since the bookseller declared that the writer, Luis Fernando Verissimo, was residing in Porto Alegre and considered to be one of the country's most popular writers. I Homs 93 retsstat og personlig frihed. Unfortunately, a crow goes but another crow comes Ledande inom Afa, falska Antifa som bildades direkt af judiska fascister. Here again, the delegation found homo escort umeå ria sunn escort allegations that complaints had not been expeditiously investigated were, in some cases, well-founded. Det var inte längre föraktligt för en man att gråta, det var en del av människans sanna natur att visa hur hon kände. Dr Dees största strävan var att förstå och förbättra den värld vi lever i, enligt honom var den långt ifrån perfekt, något som är lätt att inse med tanke på att femtonhundratalets värld var minst lika brutal, våldsam, blodig och obegriplig som den vi nu lever i — antagligen till och med värre. Since telling people to help their illegally locked-up friends is — obviously — a very criminal act, some 60 brave citizens who, having committed the very same criminal act, turned themselves in at the police station in an act of solidarity. Fantasin, drömmarna, och det fria skapandet var vackert även det. Det är en Saga; man behöver inte vara illamående då man möter faktumet som demokratiskt plattform